Knee and Ankle Pain

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 knee and ankle pain-cause and treatment

Knee and Ankle pain refers to any type of pain or discomfort affecting any part of the ankle and knee.  Ankle pain can occur for many reasons. The most common causes are injuries, arthritis and normal wear and tear. Depending on the cause, you may experience pain or stiffness anywhere on your ankle.

Your knee and ankle may also swell and you may not be able to put weight on it. Ankle pain usually improves with rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain relievers. Healthcare providers can treat injuries and arthritis.

Knee and Ankle Pain

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Kee and ankle pain- main cause

Knee and ankle pain can be caused by a number of injuries and conditions.

Some of the most common injuries that cause ankle pain are: Bursitis: fluid-filled bursae called bursae that cushion bones as they move. Bursitis occurs when these bursae become irritated and inflamed.

Fractures: Bones can break (fracture) from an accident or injury. Ankle fractures range from mild to severe. Ankle fractures can affect bones in any part of the ankle.

An ankle fracture causes ankle pain and swelling.

Many diseases, disorders, and conditions can also cause ankle pain. These include:


Arthritis: Pain and stiffness in the ankle can result from ankle arthritis. Arthritis occurs when the cartilage (tissue in joints that protects bones) breaks down. As the bones decompose, they rub against each other.

Injury and overuse can lead to arthritis and is most common in people over 65. Different types of arthritis can affect the ankles. Common types include rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.


Flatfoot: The arch of the foot is the space between the heel and ball of the foot. It is designed to create a hollow area when you stand up.

If yours is lying flat, it could be the result of injury or wear and tear. You could also inherit it. Flat feet are also a result of pregnancy due to hormonal changes and possibly weight gain. It doesn't usually hurt, but the ankles can become sore or swollen if they go past the knee line. Arch braces and supportive shoes can help.

As well as specially designed physical therapy exercises.


Lupus: This autoimmune disease causes your body to attack healthy tissue. People with lupus often have joint pain, including ankle pain. This is due to arthritis and tendinopathy associated with lupus. Also, lupus can cause kidney problems that cause fluid to build up in the joints.

There is no cure for lupus, but your doctor can give you medication to keep it under control. A healthy diet and regular exercise can also help.


Gout: The big toe is the most common site for a gout attack, but it can also affect the ankle. It occurs when a waste product called uric acid turns into needle-shaped crystals that collect in the joints. This causes severe pain and swelling.

Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat a seizure. You also need to rest. A special diet for gout and good exercise habits.

Achilles tendonitis: This problem results from tissue breakdown due to overuse. It usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. You may have pain or a knot where the tendon on the back of your leg meets your heel. Sometimes it affects half of the tendon; You may also notice a lump there. Rest and over-the-counter medications can reduce inflammation and pain.

Special shoes, insoles or orthoses can reduce the strain on the tendon. Physical therapy can also help.


Bursitis: The ankle has two fluid-filled sacs, or bursae, that line the space between tendons and bones. They can become infected because of arthritis, overuse, wearing high heels, recently changing shoes, or starting exercise again after a break. Your ankle may feel stiff, tender, hot and swollen.

The best treatment is RICE: rest, ice, compression and elevation. Take anti-inflammatory medications to reduce pain and swelling. Stretching and specific exercises can prevent future problems.


Ankle sprain: This is a tear in the tissues (called ligaments) that hold the ankle bones together. It often happens when your foot rolls to the side.

Your ankle may become injured and swollen. You may not be able to strain it. RICE is the best way to treat it:

 1. Rest

2. Ice for 20 minutes each

3.Compress with an elastic bandage

4. Lift your ankle up, elevate it above your heart.

 A minor sprain will get better in a few days. If your symptoms worsen, your doctor may suggest a short cast or walking shoes, followed by physical therapy.

Knee and Ankle Pain


Home treatment of knee and ankle pain,  These include:


Rest: Avoid putting any strain on your ankle. Try to move as little as possible for the first few days. Use crutches or a cane if you need to walk or get around.


Ice: Begin by placing an ice pack on your ankle for at least 20 minutes at a time, with 90 minutes between ice sessions.

Do this 3 to 5 times a day for 3 days after the injury. This helps reduce swelling and numb pain.


Compression: Wrap your injured ankle with an elastic bandage, e.g. B. an ACE bandage. Don't wrap it so tightly that your ankle becomes numb or your toes turn blue.


Elevation: If possible, support your ankle on a stack of pillows or some other type of support structure above heart level.

Support and Stability Items Depending on the type of injury, crutches or a cane, ankle braces or splints, orthotics and/or a cast may be required. Your healthcare provider will tell you which of these is right for you (if applicable).


Physical Therapy: Physical therapy is a common treatment for many ankle diagnoses, including sprains and tendonitis, and after ankle surgery. Ankle. Physical therapists use rehabilitation exercises to increase ankle muscle strength, restore mobility, minimize stiffness, and prevent chronic ankle problems.


Medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly prescribed medications for patients with ankle pain who caused by problems like arthritis, sprains and tendinitis.

For severe pain, e.g. for a severe fracture, your doctor may prescribe stronger painkillers, e.g. such as opioids.

For severe pain In cases of arthritis, your doctor may suggest injecting cortisone, a steroid that reduces inflammation, into the ankle. The benefit of a steroid injection is temporary.


Surgery: Surgery may be needed to treat certain ankle conditions. For example, a major

ankle fracture requires an orthopedic surgeon to repair and position the ankle bones with screws, pins, rods, or plates.


Surgical treatments include debridement, fusion, and replacement.


Arthroscopic AnkleDebridement: In the early stages of ankle arthritis, a surgeon may perform debridement. This means loose cartilage, inflamed tissue, and bony growths around the joint are removed.7 Your doctor may refer to this as "cleaning" the ankle.


This surgery can be performed arthroscopically, which the surgeon guides insert a small camera into the ankle.

Instruments can then be inserted through other small incisions to perform debridement.

Ankle Arthrodesis is another option for ankle arthritis. It involves fusing the bones of the ankle together to prevent the arthritic joint from moving, which minimizes pain.


Ankle Replacement Surgery In a total ankle replacement, or ankle replacement surgery, a surgeon removes and replaces damaged cartilage and bone ankle implant.


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