flaccid paralysis vs spastic paralysis

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 Flaccid paralysis vs Spastic paralysis

The difference between flaccid and spastic palsy is that in flaccid palsy the muscles cannot contract and remain weak and flaccid whereas in spastic palsy the muscles remain contracted and are too stiff. 

 Paralysis is a condition we associate with loss of muscle function. Paralysis occurs mainly due to disturbances in the nervous system. Nervous system failures can occur due to various reasons such as trauma, polio, botulism, etc. Flaccid paralysis and spastic paralysis are two forms of paralysis.Therefore, this article attempts to discuss the difference between flaccid and spastic paralysis.

What is spastic paralysis? 

 Spastic paralysis is also a form of paralysis. Spastic paralysis causes unusual muscle stiffness. Changes in skeletal muscle performance in muscle tone with hypertension. It is a condition that arises from the inability of the nerves that coordinate the actions of voluntary muscles.During this condition, the nerves that control muscle movement become overstimulated. This renders the skeletal muscles unable to function in a coordinated manner. Spasmodic muscle contractions are therefore caused by the impulses emanating from them.

flaccid paralysis vs spastic


Causes 

 Spasticity is usually caused by damage or dysfunction in the area of ​​the brain and spinal cord responsible for controlling stretch and muscle reflexes. These disruptions can be due to an imbalance in the inhibitory and excitatory signals being sent to the muscles, causing them to stay in place. Spasticity can be harmful to growing children as it can affect muscles and joints. People with brain injuries, spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, or multiple sclerosis can have varying degrees of spasticity. 

 Hereditary spastic paraplegia is a general term for a group of rare inherited disorders that cause weakness and stiffness in the muscles of the legs.Symptoms gradually worsen over time. It is also known as familial spastic paraparesis or Strümpell-Lorrain syndrome.

Symptoms 

 Symptoms of spasticity can range from mild muscle stiffness or tightness to painful and uncontrollable spasms. Joint pain or tension are also common with spasticity. 

 

 • muscle stiffness that makes movements less precise and makes it difficult to perform certain tasks 

 • muscle spasms that cause uncontrollable and often painful muscle contractions 

• involuntary crossing of the legs 

 • muscle and joint deformities 

 • muscle fatigue 

• stunting of longitudinal muscle growth 

 • inhibition of protein synthesis in muscle cells

Complications 

 • Urinary tract infections (UTIs) 

 • Chronic constipation 

• Fever or other systemic diseases 

 • Pressure sores 

 • Frozen joints

What is acute flaccid paralysis? 

 Acute flaccid paralysis, or AFP, is a clinical syndrome related to a set of signs and symptoms rather than a diagnosis. AFP is defined by the acute onset of weakness or paralysis with reduced muscle tone in children. 

  There are many infectious and non-infectious causes of AFP. Poliomyelitis, caused by wild poliovirus (the naturally circulating strain), is one of the causes of AFP.Consistent with the global polio eradication campaign, there is a global surveillance process that identifies clinical cases of AFP and examines them to determine if these cases are a direct result of wild poliovirus. 

flaccid paralysis vs spastic


 Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a rare but serious neurological condition that usually results from inflammation of the spinal cord, known as acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). 

 AFP and AFM cause weakness in the arms, legs, or face. In the past, AFP was often due to poliovirus infection. 

 The success of the vaccination program means that polio is now very rare internationally and has been eradicated in Britain; However, AFP can be associated with other viral infections, including non-polio enteroviruses.

In England, 2018 saw an increase in reports of unexplained acute neurological symptoms, particularly AFP. Most cases involved children. 

 Increases in AFP have also been reported in Europe and the US. It is not yet clear whether the increased reporting is due to a real increase in disease or to better detection and awareness.

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